CBD, or cannabidiol, is a chemical compound found in marijuana plants. Unlike THC, the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana that produces a high, CBD does not have any psychoactive effects. It is commonly available in the form of oil, extract, vaporized liquid, and oil-based capsules. However, it is important to be aware that CBD can interact with certain medications and may affect how quickly they are broken down by the body or liver.
For example, CBD may decrease how quickly the liver breaks down clobazam, eslicarbazepine, rufinamide, topiramate, zonisamide, brivaracetam, everolimus, tacrolimus, methadone, carbamazepine, sirolimus, stiripentol, lithium, tamoxifen, caffeine and citalopram. This could increase the levels of these medications in the body and increase their side effects. Most of the CBD oils on the market are full-spectrum extracts. This means that they contain not only CBD but also a variety of other cannabinoids and terpenes found in cannabis plants.
The main difference between hemp CBD oil and marijuana is the relationship between THC and CBD. Hemp comes from the Cannabis sativa plant and contains less than 0.3% THC while marijuana comes from either Cannabis sativa or Cannabis Indica plants and contains 0.3% or more of THC. The cleanest method for creating CBD oil is extracting CO2 but it is also the most expensive. In Europe and the United States, most of the information about the effects of CBD on humans comes from rumors or animal studies; few human trials have been conducted. A number of states still regulate CBD oil as a Schedule 1 substance similar to marijuana. Epidiolex, which contains CBD, is the first cannabis-derived medication approved by the FDA for certain conditions.
Nowadays many people get CBD online without a medical marijuana license which is legal in most states. Some CBD manufacturers have come under government scrutiny for making far-fetched claims such as that CBD can cure cancer or COVID-19 which it cannot. A phase 1 trial on the pharmacokinetics and safety of cannabidiol (CBD) in subjects with mild to severe hepatic impairment has been conducted. It is important to be aware that some extraction methods can leave residues which can be harmful to humans. Some studies have found traces of oil and other harmful substances in CBD from solvent extractions. In conclusion, CBD oil is an oil created by extracting cannabidiol from cannabis or hemp plants. It contains a large amount of CBD and may contain very little or no THC depending on the type of plant and method of extraction used.
Full-spectrum hemp oils are labeled as dietary supplements and can be found in pharmacies, health product stores and specialty stores across the country.